Genco Shipping & Trading Limited Announces Fourth Quarter Financial Results
Value Strategy Implemented; Declares Dividend of $0.67 per share for Fourth Quarter 2021
Reports Highest Quarterly Earnings Per Share Since 2008
NEW YORK, Feb. 24, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Genco Shipping & Trading Limited (NYSE:GNK) (“Genco” or the “Company”), the largest U.S. headquartered drybulk shipowner focused on the global transportation of commodities, today reported its financial results for the three months and twelve months ended December 31, 2021.
The following financial review discusses the results for the three months and twelve months ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Fourth Quarter 2021 and Year-to-Date Highlights
- Implemented its comprehensive value strategy, reducing its cash flow breakeven rate, paving the way for compelling dividends
- Declared a $0.67 per share dividend for the fourth quarter of 2021, marking the first dividend under Genco’s comprehensive value strategy
- Represents a ~350% increase from the last quarter’s dividend and the Company’s tenth consecutive quarterly payout
- Payable on or about March 17, 2022 to all shareholders of record as of March 10, 2022
- Q4 2021 dividend represents an annualized yield of 14% on Genco’s closing share price as of February 23, 2022
- We have now declared cumulative dividends totaling $1.725 per share over the last ten quarters, or approximately 9% of the Genco’s closing share price as of February 23, 2022
- Took delivery of the Genco Mary and the Genco Laddey, two high quality, fuel-efficient Ultramax vessels built in 2022 at Dalian Cosco KHI Ship Engineering Co. Ltd. (DACKS)
- These two deliveries complete the acquisitions of six Ultramax vessels Genco agreed to acquire from April to July 2021
- Repaid $203.2 million of debt during 2021, or 45% of the beginning year debt balance, meeting our year-end target of $246 million of debt outstanding, representing a net loan-to-value of 16%1
- Recorded net income of $90.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2021
- Basic and diluted earnings per share of $2.16 and $2.13, respectively
- Adjusted net income1 of $85.0 million or basic and diluted earnings per share of $2.02 and $1.99, respectively, which excludes a $5.8 million gain on sale of vessels
- Represents our highest quarterly earnings per share result since 2008
- Voyage revenues totaled $183.3 million and net revenue2 (voyage revenues minus voyage expenses and charter hire expenses) totaled $132.7 million during Q4 2021
- Our average daily fleet-wide time charter equivalent, or TCE2, for Q4 2021 was $35,200, marking our highest quarterly TCE since 2008
- For 2021, our average daily fleet-wide TCE2 was $24,402, representing our highest annual TCE since 2010
- We estimate our TCE to date for Q1 2022 to be $24,215 for 87% of our owned fleet available days, based on both period and current spot fixtures
- Recorded Adjusted EBITDA of $102.2 million during Q4 2021, which is greater than our Adjusted EBITDA for all of 20202
- Genco’s 2021 Adjusted EBITDA was $252.9 million, greater than 2019 and 2020 combined and double the 2018 level
- Maintained a strong liquidity position with $120.5 million of cash as of December 31, 2021, after $203.2 million of debt repayments as well as $108.7 million paid for vessels acquired in the year
- Transitioned the technical management of nearly all of our vessels to our joint venture with the Synergy Group, GS Shipmanagement, with remaining vessels expected to transition in Q1 2022
John C. Wobensmith, Chief Executive Officer, commented, “2021 proved to be truly transformational for Genco, as we implemented our comprehensive value strategy, creating a unique drybulk vehicle with an attractive risk-reward profile for the benefit of shareholders. Following the announcement of this strategy in April 2021, we spent the balance of the year executing on the blueprint we laid out, focused on growth and financial deleveraging, to position Genco to pay meaningful and sustainable dividends throughout the drybulk cycle. Consistent with our disciplined capital allocation approach, we paid down $203 million of debt in 2021, or 45% of our beginning of the year balance, while taking steps to grow the fleet through the acquisition of six high quality, fuel efficient Ultramax vessels. The combination of these important efforts resulted in a substantial reduction of our cash flow breakeven rate, which we believe will benefit Genco in both the short and long term and enhance our dividend paying ability.”
Mr. Wobensmith, continued, “We are pleased to conclude 2021 with our best quarter in well over a decade, culminating in more than $100 million of EBITDA and a $0.67 per share dividend for the fourth quarter, representing our first dividend under our value strategy. Looking ahead to the first quarter of 2022, we have the majority of our available days booked at over $24,200 per day. This includes earnings generated through our opportunistic container fixtures, which have been generating premium rates above the typical drybulk backhaul route, while further insulating the Company from the softer January rate environment and providing premium positions upon redelivery. Going forward, despite a near-term seasonal decline in freight rates in early 2022, we continue to have a positive outlook on the drybulk market due to the favorable supply and demand balance underpinned by the historically low newbuilding orderbook. Genco remains well positioned to capitalize on these favorable market dynamics utilizing its best-in-class commercial operating platform together with its barbell approach to fleet composition which creates exposure to all drybulk commodities and upside potential. 2021 was a momentous year for the Company, across the board, and we look forward to continue to build on our success in 2022 and beyond.”
1 Based on estimates from VesselsValue.com and pro forma for delivery of our two Ultramax vessels delivered in January 2022.
2 We believe the non-GAAP measure presented provides investors with a means of better evaluating and understanding the Company’s operating performance. Please see Summary Consolidated Financial and Other Data below for a further reconciliation.
Comprehensive Value Strategy Implementation in 2021
Genco’s comprehensive value strategy is centered on three key pillars:
- Paying sizeable quarterly cash dividends to shareholders
- Low financial leverage, and
- Opportunistically growing the Company’s asset base
We believe this strategy is a key differentiator for the Company and will drive shareholder value over the long-term creating a compelling risk-reward balance.
Drawing on one of the strongest balance sheets in the industry, Genco utilized a phased in approach to further reduce its debt, grow its fleet and refinance its credit facilities in order to lower its cash flow breakeven levels positioning the Company to pay a sizeable quarterly dividend across diverse market environments. At the same time, we also maintain significant flexibility to grow the fleet through accretive vessel acquisitions. The fourth quarter of 2021 marks the first dividend under the Company’s new corporate strategy and will be payable in March 2022.
Since announcement in April 2021, Genco has implemented this strategy through the following measures:
- Deleveraging: paid down $203.2 million of debt during 2021, or approximately 45% of our beginning of the year debt balance
- Refinancing: closed on a new global credit facility to increase flexibility, improve key terms and lower cash flow breakeven rates
- Revolver: our $450 million credit facility has a substantial revolver in place with $184.8 million of availability as of December 31, 2021
- Growth: acquired six modern, fuel efficient Ultramaxes
- Securing revenue: opportunistically fixed various period time charterers to secure cash flows and de-risk recent acquisitions as shown in the following table:
Our debt outstanding as of December 31, 2021 was $246 million following voluntary debt repayments totaling $59 million in the fourth quarter of 2021. Importantly, following these repayments, we have no mandatory debt amortization payments until 2026. Regardless of this favorable mandatory amortization schedule, we plan to continue to voluntarily pay down our debt with the medium-term objective of reducing our net debt to zero and a longer-term goal of zero debt. Specifically, as previously announced, Genco paid down an additional $8.75 million of debt during the first quarter of 2022.
For the fourth quarter of 2021, Genco declared a cash dividend of $0.67 per share. This represents a ~350% increase from the $0.15 per share paid during the previous quarter and marks the first quarterly dividend under our new comprehensive value strategy.
As part of Genco’s value strategy, the Board of Directors adopted a new quarterly dividend policy for dividends payable commencing in the first quarter of 2022 in respect to the Company’s financial results for the fourth quarter of 2021. Under the new quarterly dividend policy, the amount available for quarterly dividends is to be calculated based on the following formula, which includes the Q4 2021 dividend calculation and estimated amounts for calculation of the dividend for the first quarter of 2022:
For purposes of the foregoing calculation, operating cash flow is defined as net revenue (consisting of voyage revenue less voyage expenses and charter hire expenses), less operating expenses (consisting of vessel operating expenses, general and administrative expenses other than non-cash restricted stock expenses, technical management fees, and interest expense other than non-cash deferred financing costs). During the fourth quarter of 2021, we paid down $59.00 million of debt on a voluntary basis. Drydocking, ballast water treatment system and energy saving device costs related to three vessels that drydocked during the fourth quarter. Furthermore, our reserve for Q4 2021 was $10.75 million as previously announced in advance. Anticipated uses for the reserve include, but are not limited to, vessel acquisitions, debt repayments, and general corporate purposes. In order to set aside funds for these purposes, we plan to set the reserve on a quarterly basis for the subsequent quarter and is anticipated to be based on future quarterly debt repayments and interest expense. The quarterly reserve for the first quarter of 2022 is expected to be $10.75 million. The reserve was determined based on $8.75 million for voluntary debt repayments anticipated to be made in Q2 2022 as well as estimated cash interest expense on our debt and remains subject to our Board of Directors’ discretion. The quarterly debt repayment and reserve will be reassessed on a quarterly basis in advance by the Board of Directors and management. Estimated expenses, debt repayments, and capital expenditures for Q1 2022 are estimates presented for illustrative purposes. The amounts shown will vary based on actual results. Maintaining a quarterly reserve as well as optionality for the uses of the reserve are important factors of our corporate strategy that are intended to allow Genco to retain liquidity to take advantage of a variety of market conditions.
The Board expects to reassess the payment of dividends as appropriate from time to time. The quarterly dividend policy and declaration and payment of dividends are subject to legally available funds, compliance with law and contractual obligations and the Board of Directors’ determination that each declaration and payment is at the time in the best interests of the Company and its shareholders. Our quarterly dividend policy and declaration and payment of dividends are subject to legally available funds, compliance with applicable law and contractual obligations (including our credit facilities) and the Board of Directors’ determination that each declaration and payment is at the time in the best interests of the Company and its shareholders after its review of our financial performance.
Genco’s active commercial operating platform and fleet deployment strategy
Overall, we utilize a portfolio approach towards revenue generation through a combination of short-term, spot market employment as well as opportunistically booking longer term coverage. Our fleet deployment strategy currently remains weighted towards short-term fixtures, which provide us with optionality on our sizeable fleet. Our barbell approach towards fleet composition enables Genco to gain exposure to both the major and minor bulk commodities with a fleet whose cargoes carried align with global commodity trade flows. This approach continues to serve us well given the upside potential in major bulk rates together with the relative stability of minor bulk rates.
Based on current fixtures to date, our estimated TCE to date for the first quarter of 2022 on a load-to-discharge basis is presented below. Our estimated Q1 TCE based on current fixtures, while lower than Q4 2021, highlights our proactive approach of booking coverage ahead of the seasonally softer first quarter market. In 2021, we selectively booked period time charter coverage for approximately one to two years on four Capesize and four Ultramax vessels. We view these fixtures as part of our portfolio approach to fixture activity and prudent to take advantage of in the firm freight rate environment.
Given our eight vessels fixed on one to two year period time charters, we have provided a TCE breakout of the period time charters as well as the spot trading fixtures in the first quarter to date. Actual rates for the first quarter will vary based upon future fixtures.
The Company took delivery of the remaining two 2022-built, high specification, fuel efficient Ultramax vessels it agreed to acquire in May 2021, namely the Genco Mary and the Genco Laddey. Both of these vessels were delivered to Genco on January 6, 2022.
As for vessel divestitures, we completed the sale of the Genco Provence on November 2, 2021, for gross proceeds of $13.25 million. With this sale, we have now divested the oldest vessel in our fleet and in the process have avoided drydocking capex costs scheduled for 2022 of approximately $0.8 million.
Financial Review: 2021 Fourth Quarter
The Company recorded net income for the fourth quarter of 2021 of $90.9 million, or $2.16 and $2.13 basic and diluted earnings per share, respectively. Comparatively, for the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recorded a net loss of $65.9 million, or $1.57 basic and diluted net loss per share.
The Company’s revenues increased to $183.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to $95.5 million recorded for the three months ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to higher rates achieved by both our major and minor bulk vessels, as well as our third-party time chartered-in vessels. The average daily time charter equivalent, or TCE, rates obtained by the Company’s fleet was $35,200 per day for the three months ended December 31, 2021 as compared to $13,167 per day for the three months ended December 31, 2020. During the fourth quarter of 2021, the drybulk market remained firm as Capesize rates reached a peak of $86,953 on October 7, 2021. While freight rates retreated from these high levels, the earnings environment remained robust for the quarter led by strong global commodity demand together with low net fleet growth and continued fleet-wide inefficiencies. During the first quarter of 2022, the drybulk freight market seasonally declined primarily due to weather related issues in Brazil limiting cargo availability, the timing of newbuilding vessel deliveries as well as the timing of the Lunar New Year and the Beijing Olympics.
Voyage expenses were $36.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 compared to $33.4 million during the prior year period. This increase was primarily due to higher bunker expenses, partially offset by the operation of fewer vessels. Vessel operating expenses increased to $22.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 from $21.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, due to higher crew expenses as a result of COVID-19 related expenses and disruptions. General and administrative expenses increased to $6.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to $4.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2020, primarily due to higher personnel related expenses as well as higher legal and professional fees. Depreciation and amortization expenses decreased to $14.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 from $15.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in depreciation for certain vessels in our fleet that were impaired during 2020.
Daily vessel operating expenses, or DVOE, amounted to $5,766 per vessel per day for the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to $4,726 per vessel per day for the fourth quarter of 2020. This increase is primarily attributable to higher crew expenses as a result of COVID-19 related expenses and disruptions, which amounted to $770 per vessel per day, as well as higher lubricant-related expenses. COVID related expenses were higher than anticipated during the quarter as a result of a global escalation of cases and the timing of our crew changes. We believe daily vessel operating expenses are best measured for comparative purposes over a 12 month period in order to take into account all of the expenses that each vessel in our fleet will incur over a full year of operation. Based on estimates provided by our technical managers, our DVOE budget for the first quarter of 2022 is $5,825 per vessel per day on a fleet-wide basis including an estimate for COVID-19 related expenses. The potential impacts of COVID-19 are beyond our control and are difficult to predict due to uncertainties surrounding the pandemic.
Apostolos Zafolias, Chief Financial Officer, commented, “During 2021, our unrelenting focus was on improving the strength of our balance sheet, taking steps to further reduce our leverage and breakeven levels and enhancing our earnings power and dividend potential. We are pleased to have achieved important objectives for the year, underpinning our value strategy, as highlighted by our closing of a new, attractive $450 million credit facility, our $203 million reduction of debt and our opportunistic vessel purchases. We enter the year with a cash flow breakeven among the lowest in the industry and significant financial flexibility including a sizeable cash position. Maintaining balance sheet strength while optimizing the risk-reward balance for our shareholders remains a priority for Genco as we continue to execute our value strategy.”
Financial Review: Twelve Months 2021
The Company recorded net income of $182.0 million or $4.33 and $4.27 basic and diluted net earnings per share for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, respectively. This compares to a net loss of $225.6 million or $5.38 basic and diluted net loss per share for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020. Net income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 includes a $4.9 million gain on sale of vessels as well as a $4.4 million loss on debt extinguishment. Net loss for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 includes $208.9 million in non-cash vessel impairment charges and a $1.9 million loss on sale of vessels. Revenues increased to $547.1 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 compared to $355.6 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to higher rates achieved by our fleet as well as our third-party time chartered-on vessels, which was partially offset by the operation of fewer vessels in our fleet. Voyage expenses decreased to $146.2 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 from $157.0 million for the same period in 2020. TCE rates obtained by the Company increased to $24,402 per day for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 from $10,221 per day for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020. Total operating expenses for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were $346.0 million and $558.9 million, respectively. General and administrative expenses for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 increased to $24.5 million as compared to $21.3 million in the same period of 2020, primarily due to higher personnel related expenses, as well as higher legal and professional fees. DVOE was $5,409 in 2021 versus $4,612 in 2020. The increase in daily vessel operating expense was predominantly due to higher crew expenses as a result of COVID-19 related expenses and disruptions. EBITDA for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 amounted to $253.4 million compared to $(139.0) million during the prior period. During the twelve months of 2021 and 2020, EBITDA included non-cash impairment charges, gains and losses on sale of vessels as well as a loss on debt extinguishment as mentioned above. Excluding these items, our adjusted EBITDA would have amounted to $252.9 million and $71.8 million, for the respective periods.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Net cash provided by operating activities for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $231.1 million and $36.9 million, respectively. This increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to higher rates achieved by our major and minor bulk vessels, changes in working capital, as well as a decrease in drydocking related expenditures and interest expense.
Net cash used in investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2021 was $67.6 million as compared to $37.4 million net cash provided by investing activities during the year ended December 31, 2020. This fluctuation was primarily due to the purchase of four Ultramax vessels which delivered during the third quarter of 2021, as well as deposits made for the two Ultramax vessels that were delivered during January 2022. Additionally, there was a decrease in the net proceeds from the sale of vessels. These fluctuations were partially offset by a decrease in scrubber related expenses and purchase of other fixed assets during 2021 as compared to 2020.
Net cash used in financing activities during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $222.7 million and $56.9 million, respectively. The increase was primarily due to the refinancing of the $495 Million Credit Facility and the $133 Million Credit Facility with the $450 Million Credit Facility on August 31, 2021. During 2021, the increase in total net cash used in financing activities related to our credit facilities was $156.6 million as compared to 2020. Additionally, there was a $5.6 million increase in deferred financing costs paid in relation to the $450 Million Credit Facility during 2021. Lastly, there was a $3.6 million increase in the payment of dividends during 2021 as compared to 2020.
We make capital expenditures from time to time in connection with vessel acquisitions. As of February 24, 2022, Genco Shipping & Trading Limited’s fleet consists of 17 Capesize, 15 Ultramax and 12 Supramax vessels with an aggregate capacity of approximately 4,635,000 dwt and an average age of 10.0 years.
In addition to acquisitions that we may undertake, we will incur additional capital expenditures due to special surveys and drydockings. Furthermore, we plan to upgrade a portion of our fleet with energy saving devices and apply high performance paint systems to our vessels in order to reduce fuel consumption and emissions. We estimate our capital expenditures related to drydocking, including capitalized costs incurred during drydocking related to vessel assets and vessel equipment, ballast water treatment system costs, fuel efficiency upgrades and scheduled off-hire days for our fleet for 2022 to be:
(1) Estimates are based on our budgeted cost of drydocking our vessels in China. Actual costs will vary based on various factors, including where the drydockings are actually performed. We expect to fund these costs with cash on hand. These costs do not include drydock expense items that are reflected in vessel operating expenses.
(2) Estimated costs associated with the installation of ballast water treatment systems is expected to be funded with cash on hand.
(3) Estimated costs associated with the installation of fuel efficiency upgrades are expected to be funded with cash on hand.
(4) Actual length will vary based on the condition of the vessel, yard schedules and other factors. The estimated offhire days per sector scheduled for Q1 2022 consists of 36 days for one Capesize, 42 days for three Ultramaxes and 21 days for one Supramax. Estimated offhire days for 2022 relate to 15 vessels drydocking during the year.
Summary Consolidated Financial and Other Data
The following table summarizes Genco Shipping & Trading Limited’s selected consolidated financial and other data for the periods indicated below.